Allergic Rhinitis: Understanding Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home remedies

Allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever, affects a significant number of individuals worldwide. If you frequently experience symptoms like sneezing, itching, and a runny or congested nose, it’s possible that you have allergic rhinitis. In this post, we will explore the meaning of allergic rhinitis, its symptoms, causes, home remedies, and available treatments.

What is the meaning of Allergic Rhinitis?

  • Allergic rhinitis is an allergic reaction that occurs when your immune system overreacts to certain substances in the environment, known as allergens.
  • Common allergens are pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold spores.
  • When you come into contact with these allergens, your immune system releases chemicals like histamine, leading to the characteristic symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Signs of Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Sneezing: Frequent and repetitive sneezing is a common symptom.
  • Itching: Itching sensation in the nose, eyes, or throat is another typical symptom.
  • Runny or Stuffy Nose: A persistent runny nose or nasal congestion is often present.
  • Watery Eyes: Excessive tearing or watery eyes can occur.
  • Fatigue, coughing, and a reduced sense of smell may also be experienced.

Reasons for Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Genetic Predisposition: If you have a family history of allergies, you are more likely to develop allergic rhinitis.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to tobacco smoke, air pollution, or certain occupational hazards can increase the risk of developing the condition.
  • Exposure to cold weather for long period of time also sleeping in A/C room can cause allergic rhinitis.
  • Exposure to pollen from trees, grass, house dust mites, wood dust, flour dust.

Types of Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis: Occurs during specific seasons when certain allergens like tree pollen or grass pollen are prevalent.
  • Perennial Allergic Rhinitis: Symptoms persist throughout the year due to exposure to allergens such as dust mites, pet dander, or mold.

Preventive measures for Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Avoid Allergens: Take measures to minimize exposure to allergens by keeping windows closed during high pollen seasons, using allergen-proof covers on pillows and mattresses, and maintaining a clean living environment.
  • Avoid cold foods products, dairy products, cold drinks, fermented foods, bananas, jackfruit, cooked beetroot.
  • Avoid staying in A/C rooms for long period of time.
  • Avoid drinking excess water as it can cause mucus and also affect your digestion.
  • Keep your body warm.

Home Remedies for Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Take a glass of luke warm water and add 1 tsp of honey to it. Drink this mixture after waking up in the morning.
  • Soak 1/3 tsp of neem powder in 1 tsp of honey for 8-10 hours (overnight) and consume it every morning on an empty stomach, do not eat anything for at least 1 hour after consuming the mixture. 
  • Soak 8-10 peppercorns in 1-2 spoons of honey overnight and consume it after consuming the neem and honey mixture (chew the peppercorns first before consuming it). Drink ½ glass of warm water after this.   
  • Eat 2-3 tsp of curd after meals.
  • Nasal Irrigation: Regularly rinsing the nasal passages with a saline solution (Jal neti ) can help clear congestion and reduce symptoms.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Drink 50 ml of Dashmool kadha every morning on empty stomach.
  • Can drink 50 ml of Giloy kadha in the morning on empty stomach.
  • Practice Jalneti every morning.
  • Mix ¼ tsp Sunth powder (dry ginger powder) with 1 tsp honey and consume it twice a day.

Yoga for Allergic Rhinitis:

  • Practice Anulom vilom (Alternate nostril breathing) for 15 minutes. everyday.
  • Practice Kapalbhati Pranayama for 10 minutes.
  • Aum chanting for minimum 21 times.
  • Bhastrika Pranayama for 10 – 15 minutes.
  • Bhuta Shuddhi taught by Isha Hatha Yoga teachers.
  • Minimum of 10 Surya Namaskar everyday.

Allergic Rhinitis Treatment:

  • Over-the-counter Antihistamines: These provide temporary relief from symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and a runny nose. (prolonged use of allopathic medicines must be avoided).
  • Nasal Sprays: Nasal sprays help reduce inflammation in the nasal passages, offering long-term relief.  (consult doctor for the type of nasal sprays). Can use Saline sprays as it may not cause any side effects.
  • Use Ayurvedic medicines mentioned in Ayurvedic Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis part.
  • Practice Yoga and Pranayama mentioned in this article.
  • Also try our home remedies mentioned in this article (2nd and 3rd is the most important remedy).
  • As prevention is better than cure so practice Preventive Measures as soon as you see any of the signs mentioned in the article.

How to Cure Allergic Rhinitis Permanently:

  • While there may not be a permanent cure in alopathy, Ayurveda provides a proper treatment according to your symptoms. Consulting Doctor is necessary if the symptoms are severe and over a long period of time. 
  • Also home remedies mention in this article can effectively treat allergic rhinitis.
  • Yoga and Pranayama is a must for person suffering from allergic rhinitis. Especially Anulom vilom and Kapalbhati.
  • Prevention is better than cure so take preventive measures when you start noticing symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Conclusion

In conclusion, allergic rhinitis is a common condition characterized by symptoms like sneezing, itching, and nasal congestion. Symptoms can be effectively managed through a combination of preventive strategies, home remedies, Ayurvedic medicines and medical treatments. Consultation with healthcare professionals is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. Remember, with the right approach, allergic rhinitis can be effectively treated, enabling you to enjoy a better quality of life.

FAQs about Allergic Rhinitis:

  • What are the common triggers of allergic rhinitis?

Common triggers of allergic rhinitis include pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds, dust mites, pet dander, mold spores, and certain irritants in the environment like tobacco smoke or strong odors.

  • How can I differentiate between allergic rhinitis and the common cold?

Allergic rhinitis and the common cold have similar symptoms, such as a runny or stuffy nose and sneezing. However, allergic rhinitis is typically characterized by itching in the nose, eyes, or throat, which is not commonly present with a cold. Additionally, cold symptoms usually resolve within a week or two, while allergic rhinitis symptoms may persist for a longer period, especially when exposed to allergens.

  • Can allergic rhinitis lead to other health complications?

Allergic rhinitis itself is not considered a serious health condition. However, if left untreated, it can lead to complications such as sinusitis (sinus infections), ear infections, and worsening of asthma symptoms in individuals with asthma.

  • Are there any preventive measures I can take to reduce allergic rhinitis symptoms?
    1. Yes, there are several preventive measures you can take to reduce allergic rhinitis symptoms:
    2. Minimize exposure to known allergens by keeping windows closed during high pollen seasons, using air purifiers or filters, and regularly cleaning your living space to reduce dust and pet dander.
    3. Wear a mask or scarf when working in dusty or allergen-rich environments.
    4. Rinse your nasal passages with saline solution after outdoor activities to remove allergens.
    5. Avoid cold drinks, dairy products, bananas, jackfruit and cooked beetroot.
    6. Also staying in cold environment for long period of time should be avoided. 
  • Can children develop allergic rhinitis?

Yes, children can develop allergic rhinitis. It is not uncommon for symptoms to first appear during childhood. Genetic factors, exposure to allergens, and a family history of allergies can increase the risk of developing allergic rhinitis in children.

Remember, if you suspect you have allergic rhinitis or experience persistent symptoms, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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